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对伦敦高层建筑控制的理解  The Understanding of Control of Tall Buildings in London.2015
对伦敦高层建筑控制的理解
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对伦敦高层建筑控制的理解 The Understanding of Control of Tall Buildings in London.2015

概括讲, 伦敦高层建筑控制从规划体系、管理结构、实施办法、相关条例上有这样几个特征:


1、凭自身利弊决定方案
2、管理主体:各区议会
3、约束与监督机构:英国遗产管理局、建筑与建成环境委员会(CABE)、联合国 教科文、大伦敦市政厅

4、仲裁主体:国务秘书、市长
5、相关规定及条例:高层建筑导则、伦敦规划、伦敦视景管理框架及S106协议
6、召集令与第三方监察


“伦敦规划系统确实拥有足够的审核与制衡空间,以及密集(甚至繁多)的避险机制以确保总体上,关于高层提案的合理决定被做出。操作中,给予任何一个决策标准的强调程度依时间和地点的不同而不同,也取决于提案对中央政府的吸引程度。反过来讲,一旦决策的理由不断变化,那么也就让高层建筑反映了时代的特征。自1666年的伦敦大火以来,伦敦的规划政策总体上是实用主义而非宏大愿景所驱动,以期频繁地回应商业压力与经济时境。伦敦的实用的规划路径是其特征的核心。 不同的形式、相互的对峙与冲突都是首都精彩与性格的一部分。伦敦城在长高的同时其特征仍被保持。” ——彼特 贝肖普



In summary, the control of tall buildings in London, in respect to its planning system, management structure, implement measure and relevant regulation, has below several features:


1.Determining a scheme on its merits
2.The statutory authority: Each council
3.The supervision party: English Heritage, The Commission for Architecture and the  Built Environment, UNESCO, and Great London Authority
4.The arbitration body: Secretary of State and the Mayor
5.Rules and regulations: Guidance on Tall Buildings, the London Plan, London View Management Framework and S.106 Agreements
6.Call-in Powers and the third-party inspector


“The London planning system does have sufficient checks and balances and extensive (even exhaustive) opportunities for scrutiny to ensure that in general, reasonable decisions are taken about applications for tall buildings.  In practice, the degree of emphasis given to any one of the decision making criteria varies from time to time and from site to site, and may also depend on the degree to which any proposal attracts the interest of central government.  But, if the justification for the decision varies, this does allow new tall buildings to reflect the priorities of the day. Since the Great Fire in 1666, London’s planning policies have generally been driven by a sense of pragmatism rather than grand visions, frequently in response to commercial pressures and economic circumstance. London’s pragmatic approach to planning is integral to its character. The range of styles, the contrast and clashes are part of the excitement and character of the capital. It is a characteristic the City of London has succeeded in retaining as it has grown increasingly tall.” –Peter Bishop