研       究 实       践 观       察 新       闻 我       们

 RESEARCH         PRACTICE       OBSERVATION           NEWS                   US           

11 张,当前第 1上一张 | 下一张 幻灯播放
苏州古城空间研究与项目分析  The Spatial Analysis of Old Shuzhou Town. 2015
苏州古城空间研究与项目分析
1 / 11
苏州古城空间研究与项目分析 The Spatial Analysis of Old Shuzhou Town. 2015

苏州古城(外城河以内)面积约14.4平方公里。平江历史文化街区西起临顿路,东至外延河,北自白塔东路,南到干将东路,总用地面积116公顷。含古城六个街坊块。


平江历史文化街区作为国内最有影响力的历史文化街区之一,城市设计导则的必要性无庸质疑。 而基于人本理性的空间分析又是所有编制工作的基础。否则,设计工作只能止于形式的探讨,开发与保护的成功只能取决于经验的总结。如是,无论从哪个角度,显然都不能满足苏州这个中国历史名城的需要。


目前的古城控制性详细规划只能作为规则条件的界定, 并不能基于全局与长期考虑,对单体设计起到导向与控制作用。比如,关于特色提升,问题并不在于对功能产业、配套设施的布局,而在于怎么布局,为什么在这儿,而不在那儿?放多少合适?她背后的空间普适规律,本土性逻辑? 同样,建筑高度的控制从技术上讲没有问题,但是,在什么地段需要控制什么高度,这样的制定逻辑和因此带来的好处?这绝不是单纯美学范畴的考虑,更涉及到城市集体记忆、公共界面、人文特征延续等重要内容。


历史街区的保护与开发需要对城市文脉、集体记忆、公共界面、认知区域等进行系统了解与把握。其次,现状绝不是我们思考的唯一条件,甚至不是最重要的条件。再者,平江历史文化街区的保护开发不能只看平江的范围,最基本也要考虑到整个苏州古城范围(外城河内)。


最后, 交通策略是关键。同样的,重点不在于罗列道路等级与交通设施,而是等级的效率分布和设施的最优择址。



Shuzhou Old Town (within moat) is around 14.4 skm, while Pingjiang Historic Cultural Blocks occupies 116 Ha.  As Pingjiang Blocks is one of the most influential historic urban blocks in the country, the necessity of the Urban Design Guidelines is without doubt, and the spatial analysis depended on humanism ration should be a base. Otherwise, all designs only limits to the domain  of form and subjected to the experiences. If this is a case, it is obviously unacceptable for  Shuzhou, such a key historic city.


The current regulatory plan can only be regarded as the definition of the regularity conditions, but not the one could be used to guide and control the detail design on the consideration of global and long term benefits. Take the Quality Improvement as an example, the issue is not the layout of industrial functions and the supporting facilities, but how to place, why put here not there, and how much it should be. Besides what is the universal law and local logic alike behind?  Further, the height control itself is not an issue, but how to judge the suitable height and what is the logic of the control and what can be contributed to due to this logic? These are not the pure aesthetic discourses, but a domain referring to collective memory, public interface and humanistic characteristics.


First, the preserve and development of historic blocks ask the understanding of the urban context, collective memory, public interface and intelligible area. Secondly, the status quo is not the only, and possibly not the most critical condition we have to pay attention to. Thirdly, the consideration of Pingjiang should beyond the area to the whole old town range at least. Finally, the transport strategy is a key, and sharing the same logic, the issue is not on the arrangement of the road and facilities, but the efficiency of hierarchy and the optimization of site selection.