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蛇口老镇渔二村空间研究及项目定位研讨  The Spatial Analysis and Target Discussion of Old Town, Shekou.2015
蛇口老镇渔二村空间研究
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蛇口老镇渔二村空间研究及项目定位研讨 The Spatial Analysis and Target Discussion of Old Town, Shekou.2015

经过三十五年的建设发展,蛇口作为一个地域被普遍认知。其成熟的社区特征、完整的结构网络、鲜明的功能分区、充沛的开放空间与优美的山海景观一起获得了了海滨宜居小城的赞誉。和某些山海城市公约的是,蛇口的地域特征被完整地通过城市道路的线型予以表达。而其独特性在于这些形成夹角的“特殊”地段,利用公园、球场等城市开放空间进行了消解,实则将自然特征经过提炼编织入集体认知中。


近十余年来,随着产业结构转变、后海居住开发、以及新一轮的旧村改造,蛇口的特征也在不断地变化。一方面,既有积极的城市更新与经济推动;另一方面也存在成熟的格局被几何剪切、功能至上产品被生硬植入。因此,城市新的形象在着力塑造同时,旧有的特征也在逐渐模糊。城市各区的辐射力此长彼消,土地功能在持续变化。作为城市主体,我们已经感受到蛇口已经不再是原来的蛇口。


作为一个成熟的城市区块,其稳定的空间结构与功能间的互动被予以考量以甑别其不同半径的实际认知层级。过整个蛇口(7平方公里)的研究,发现蛇口老镇渔二村28公顷范围恰好是提升大区块(功能区)的关键节点。换言之,本地块规划,存在直接提升城市大背景的效率与活力的机会,同时也面临现行规划理念与惯性对其更优可能的无意识。


因此,设计的定位在于对大局利益的争取,以促进本局部收益最大化。



Shekou has been realized as a well-known zone after 35 years urban construction. Its maturing community, complete structure and distinctive function partition, all together contribute to the praise of “Seaside Livable Town”. What shares with some other hilly seaside cities is its geographical features are expressed by the layout of roads, and in this case its unique lies in the triangular plots due to this layout. These triangles have been released by placing parks, fields and other open spaces, which actually refine the natural features and fit into man’s collective cognition.


The last decade saw the transformation of the industrial structure, the sprawl residential development and the new turn of the reconstruction of old villages, with Shekou’s characteristic has been constantly changed. On one hand, there is positive economic performance, on the other, the original feature has been gradually blurred. The embedment of each area varies more or less, thus the land use pattern keeping changing. Form an individual’s point of view, Shekou is not the original Shekou anymore.


As a cluster of mature communities, the stable interaction between space and function of Shekou has been examined to clarify the real radii recognized by people in terms of different demands. Take the whole Shekou(7skm) as a model, it can be discovered that 28 ha NO2 Fishing Village is a strategic point to promote the global performance. In other words, the plan of this site hold the possibility to boost the efficiency and vitality of the bigger background, however, it also faces the challenge coming from the unconscious of those only holding the existing popular planning manners.


Thus, the target of the design lies in the pursuit of the global benefits, which in turn maximize the local gains.