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罗湖城中村的空间与经济社会分析  The Analysis of City Village. 2007
罗湖城中村的空间与经济社会分析
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罗湖城中村的空间与经济社会分析 The Analysis of City Village. 2007

坐落城市中心的城中村作为城市里自然生长的一部分,在城市规划的蓝图里,是应该快速采取行动、逐步置换的区域。 然而,现时状况一再表明,它们的存在对于城市有着更深层的意义,那么如何从空间角度去解释这层意义并进一步分析由此导致的自组织结构的经济社会表现?

 

深圳,作为一个快速的自上而下规划引导的城市,在规划体系的夹缝中,城中村与时俱进的蓬勃生长,体现了自下而上生长逻辑的天然生命力,及为城市的可持续做出贡献的可能。

 

通过区域甑别,发现在罗湖主城区,5分钟步行范围,筛选出了区域内几乎所有城中村,而其骨架有着自组织结构的共性变形风车。此初步预示了其内部的成熟、活力与独特性。

 

研究一一探寻各村商业铺面属性(门面长度与商铺面积)与商铺所处街段不同影响半径上的空间属性之间的对应。初步证明了村落各自在城市的辐射半径。这里,个别城中村(向西村)接近整体主城区的4公里辐射范围,也充分揭示了其在城市的存在逻辑。

 

再结合村落各自商铺密度的考虑,最终发现整体商业活力与空间辐射的强烈对应关系--从空间的角度为城中村各自经济表现的不同找到了内因。


 

In the decision-maker’s points of view, the central located city villages should be replaced by the well-designed products step by step. However, it has been proved again and again that the existence of the villages somehow is very meaningful to the city. So, how could we explain this meaning with more detailed analysis of their performances from the spatial degree?

 

It is interesting that the radius 375 m of shared cognitive area pick out most of the city villages , and all of them have the ‘deformed wheel ‘structure, which implies the mature and energy of these villages.

 

The correspondence between attributes of the shops--the length of shop façade and area of shop respectively--and attributes of the space by various radii is explored.  If there is a case, then the radius which defined by the relationship can be regarded as the radius of the area the village embedded in the urban context.  And the most economic successful village has the biggest radius, vice versa.

 

If compared with EMD figures, which describes the density of the shops, it also can be found the clear correspondences between the commercial livability and the spatial structure. And thus the space in the villages can contribute to the performance they play in the city and it is proved that most of them have quite active relations with the surrounded varying the scales.